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Abstract

Non-viral maternal infections

Non-viral maternal infections during pregnancy and childbirth can put the fetus at risk via

1. Transplacental or intra partum transmission of a chronic infectious disease,
2. Direct intrauterine or intra partum fetal damage,
3. Provocation of preterm delivery or spontaneous abortion.

Diseases that can cause the mentioned effects in our environment are mainly
- Syphilis,
- Toxoplasmosis,
- Listeriosis,
- Lyme Disease,
- Q-Fever,
- Leptospirosis,
- Malaria.

Worldwide migration and modern international travel and leisure have fostered a renaissance of these formerly rare diseases.

In the contrary to viral infections most non-viral diseases can be treated successfully by antimicrobial agents.

Therefore, basic knowledge of epidemiology, symptomatology and therapy are essential for every obstetrician.

CME Prakt Fortbild Gynakol Geburtsmed Gynakol Endokrinol 2011; 7(1): 44-64

Keywords
Non-viral infections, materno-fetal infections, vertical transmission, congenital infection, stillbirth

Bettina Hollwitz, Hamburg
Klinik für Geburtshilfe und Pränatalmedizin, Universitätsklinikum
Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg
Reviewer: Ioannis Mylonas, München
und Jan-Peter Siedentopf, Berlin

Hollwitz B. Nichtvirale ... Gynakol Geburtsmed Gynakol Endokrinol 2011; 7(1): 44-64 publiziert 31.03.11 www.akademos.de/gyn ©akademos Wissenschaftsverlag 2011 ISSN 1614-8533