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Abstract

Endovaginal sonography of the endometrium

Endovaginal ultrasound represents the main diagnostic tool in the examination of the organs of the female pelvis. Benign and malign diseases could reliable come apparent by sonography.

The examination has to maintain high standards. By high quality transvaginal ultrasound is able to diagnose early development of endometrial cancer and its precursors as well as benign alterations like polyps. Besides measuring the thickness of the endometrium, the detailed examination of the endometrial-myometrial junction (EMJ) is essential.

The atypical bleeding patient should be examined by transvaginal ultrasound first to avoid unnecessary invasive procedures.

CME Prakt Fortbild Gynakol Geburtsmed Gynakol Endokrinol 2012; 8(2): 176–190

Keywords
Endovaginal sonography, endometrium, endometrial masses, abnormal uterine bleeding

Heino Hille
Praxis für Frauenheilkunde und Geburtshilfe, Hamburg

Reviewer: Bernhard-Joachim Hackelöer, Hamburg,
und Boris Tutschek, Basel

Hille H. Vaginalsonografische ... Gynakol Geburtsmed Gynakol Endokrinol 2012; 8(2): 176–190 publiziert 31.07.2012 www.akademos.de/gyn ©akademos Wissenschaftsverlag 2012 ISSN 1614-8533