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Abstract

Physiology, pathophysiology and pharmacology in reproductive systems

The regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis is a multifactorial process. Hormones act here as a transmitter to receptors and have different effects depending on their concentration. Congenital and acquired diseases may result in functional limitations that have menstrual disturbance as a symptom. Therapies are either causal or symptomatic, depending on the etiology and the desire for conception. The drugs used for ovulation induction are mainly gonadotropins. Stimulation protocols are described in the following chapter.

CME Prakt Fortbild Gynakol Geburtsmed Gynakol Endokrinol 2014; 10(2): 92–104

Keywords
Hormones, hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian-axis, ovarian failure, menstrual disturbance, ovarian stimulation

Thilo Schill
Kinderwunschzentrum Langenhagen & Wolfsburg MVZ, Schwerpunktpraxis
Gynäkologische Endokrinologie und Reproduktionsmedizin,
Endometriosezentrum Stufe I, Langenhagen
Reviewer: Frank Chen, Eisenhüttenstadt,
und Andreas Jantke, Berlin

Schill T. Physiologie ... Gynakol Geburtsmed Gynakol Endokrinol 2014; 10(2): 92–104 publiziert 31.07.2014 www.akademos.de/gyn ©akademos Wissenschaftsverlag 2014 ISSN 1614-8533