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Abstract

Hair loss in women

The term hair loss can have two meanings: First, there might be increased daily loss of hair (effluvium); second, there might be visible thinning of hair (alopecia). Effluvium can be a sign of various disturbances: iron deficiency, hyperthyroidism, syphilis, chemotherapy and other physical stress factors such as long lasting, high fever. Alopecia can be the result of a scalp disease such as a primary scarring alopecia or alopecia areata. With a lifetime incidence of 10–20% androgenetic alopecia is the far most frequent one. Depending on the diagnostic classification, various treatments are available. For androgenetic alopecia, systemic antiandrogens and topical minoxidil solution are recommended.

CME Prakt Fortbild Gynakol Geburtsmed Gynakol Endokrinol 2016; 12(2): 114–126

Keywords
Hair loss, effluvium, alopecia, androgenetic, antiandrogens, minoxidil

Hans Wolff
Klinik und Poliklinik für Dermatologie und Allergologie,
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
Reviewer: Kay-Thomas Moeller, Potsdam,
und Johann Sperl, Berlin

Wolff H. Haarausfall ... Gynakol Geburtsmed Gynakol Endokrinol 2016; 12(2): 114–126 publiziert 31.7.2016 www.akademos.de/gyn ©akademos Wissenschaftsverlag 2016 ISSN 1614-8533