Prevention of cancer
Reduction in cancer mortality is a major goal of screening
and prevention procedures.Cancer prevention strategies
are implemented in Germany since the early 1970s.
The efforts are focussed on the most common cancers.
More than 60% of all cancers are mainly caused by food,
tobacco and alcohol. Obesity and physical inactivity are
also associated with increased cancer risk. During the
past 30 years, advances in cancer screening and treatment
resulted in a decrease of the incidence of some cancers
in women, i.e. cervical cancer. A HPV-vaccine can provide
new opportunities in the battle against cervical cancer.
Up to now there is no successful screening for ovarian or
endometrial cancer. Breast cancer screening will be implemented
in Germany soon. Individualized counselling and
treatment can be offered in these programs.
Reviewer: Elke Wierick, Lohsa, und Martin Ruhnke, Berlin
CME Praktische Fortbildung Gynäkologie, Geburtsmedizin und Gynäkologische Endokrinologie 1/2006:60-69